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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 7 No. 6, p. 641-644
     
    Received: May 1, 1967
    Published: Nov, 1967


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1967.0011183X000700060025x

Influence of Plant Residues on Sclerotium rolfsii and Inhibitory Soil Microorganisms1

  1. A. C. Mixon and
  2. E. A. Curl2

Abstract

Abstract

Effects of certain dry-plant residues on Sclerotium rolfsii and inhibitory soil microorganisms were investigated with regard to the potential value of these residues in biological control of the pathogen. Average daily growth rates of both S. rolfsii and Trichoderma sp. in sterilized soil containing oat-residue substrate were reduced in comparison to growth rates with residues of clover, peanut, vetch, or corn. However, the least growth of Trichoderma always exceeded the best growth of the pathogen. Sclerotium production by S. rolfsii and sporulation by Trichoderma were greatly increased in sterilized soil amended with either oat or corn residue. Additions of oat residue to natural soil resulted in severe mycelial degradation and an inhibitory effect upon sclerotial germination. Experiments with sterilized soil inoculated with known inhibitory microorganisms revealed that the biological control effect in oat-amended soil may be attributed primarily to Trichoderma sp. and certain bacteria.

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