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  1. Vol. 7 No. 1, p. 33-36
     
    Received: Jan 24, 1966
    Published: Jan, 1967


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1967.0011183X000700010012x

Heterosis in Oats1

  1. F. C. Petr and
  2. K. J. Frey2

Abstract

Abstract

Several attributes were studied in the F1 and F2 generations of oat crosses grown in space-planted nurseries in 1955. The F1's of 15 oat crosses and their parents were sown in a randomized complete-block design with 3 replicates. The plots, spaced 30 cm apart, each contained 5 competitive plants (sown 30 cm apart) upon which measurements were taken for heading date, number of panicles per plant, number of spikelets per primary panicle, plant height and grain yield. In 1957, the F2 and parent plants were spaced 10 cm apart and measured for the same attributes as the F1's.

The grain yields of each F1 exceeded the higher yielding parent. Grain yields in the F1 ranged from 101 to 130% of the higher parent with a mean for all crosses of 112%. The parent, Victory, produced consistently low yielding crosses. The yields of some crosses in the F2 exceeded the higher yielding parent and the mean F2 yields, relative to the higher yielding parent, was 99%. For one cross, the relative yield of the F2 was 120% of the higher parent.

Positive heterosis was expressed for number of panicles per plant, and for each cross the heading date of the F1 was earlier than the midparent. Except in a few crosses, plant height and number of spikelets per panicle in the F1's and F2's closely approximated the midparents.

The correlations of midparental values with Ft and F2 cross means for number of spikelets per panicle, plant height and heading date were all highly significant and above 0.89. For yield, similar correlations were 0.60.

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