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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 51 No. 1, p. 381-386
     
    Received: Apr 13, 2010
    Published: Jan, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): jv@ufl.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2010.04.0204

Rumen-Undegradable Protein Supplementation Effects on Early Weaned Calves Grazing Annual Ryegrass

  1. J.M.B. Vendramini *a,
  2. J.D. Arthingtona,
  3. L.E. Sollenbergerb and
  4. T. Saraivaa
  1. a Range Cattle Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Ona, FL, 33865
    b Agronomy Dep., University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-0500

Abstract

Early weaned beef calves (Bos spp.) can be raised on cool-season pastures in Florida but more information on protein supplementation is necessary to optimize the performance of those calves. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of three levels of rumen-undegradable protein (RUP) supplementation on performance of early weaned calves grazing annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) pastures. The study was conducted in Ona, FL in 2007 and 2008. Treatments were 1.5 g kg−1 body weight (BW) supplementation of three levels of supplemental RUP, soybean meal (SBM, 350 g kg−1 RUP), Soyplus (SP, 600 g kg−1 RUP, modified expeller soybean meal, West Central, Ralston, IA), or a 50:50 mixture of soybean meal-Soyplus (SBMSP, 475 g kg−1 RUP). Pasture size was 0.3 ha and four early weaned calves were assigned to each pasture. There was a linear increase in herbage mass (HM, from 1.9–2.1 Mg ha−1) and herbage allowance (HA, from 1.1–1.4 kg dry matter [DM] kg−1 live weight, LW) with increasing levels of RUP. Increased RUP supplementation decreased forage dry matter intake (FDMI) and total dry matter intake (TDMI) in 2008 but there was no effect in 2007. There was no difference in average daily gain (ADG, 0.76 kg d−1) among treatments. Increasing the levels of RUP supplementation has potential to increase stocking rates of early weaned calves grazing annual ryegrass pastures.

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