Should Enhanced Resilience Be an Objective of Natural Resource Management Research for Developing Countries?
- Brian Walker,
- Jeff Sayer,
- Neil L. Andrew and
- Bruce Campbell
CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Box 284, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia International Union for Conservation of Nature, 28 rue Mauverney, CH-1196 Gland, Switzerland The WorldFish Center, P.O. Box 500, Penang, Malaysia CGIAR Challenge Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), Dep. of Agriculture and Ecology, Univ. of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 21, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark. WorldFish Contribution no. 1936
Productivity enhancement has traditionally been the main focus of agricultural research to alleviate poverty and enhance food security of poor farmers in the developing world. Recently, the harmful impact of climate change, economic volatility, and other external shocks on poor farmers has led to concern that resilience should feature alongside productivity as a major objective of research. The applicability of recent work on resilient social–ecological systems to the problems of poor farmers is reviewed, and proposals are made for issues that need to be addressed in determining when and how enhanced resilience might become an objective of research.
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