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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 50 No. 4, p. 1537-1545
     
    Received: Sept 20, 2009
    Published: July, 2010


    * Corresponding author(s): duli.zhao@ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2009.09.0521

Rapid Analysis of Nonstructural Carbohydrate Components in Grass Forage Using Microplate Enzymatic Assays

  1. Duli Zhao *a,
  2. Charles T. MacKownb,
  3. Patrick J. Starksb and
  4. Bryan K. Kindigerb
  1. a USDA-ARS, Sugarcane Field Station, 12990 U.S. Highway 441 N., Canal Point, FL 33438
    b USDA-ARS, Grazinglands Research Lab., 7207 W. Cheyenne St., El Reno, OK 73036

Abstract

Measurements of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC) in plant tissues are important to estimate plant organ resources available for plant growth and stress tolerance or for feed value to grazing animals. A popular commercially available assay kit used to detect glucose with a light-sensitive dye reaction was recently discontinued and replaced by a test-tube-scale glucose kit (GAHK-20) that assays glucose through enzymatic coupled reactions and the formation of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide. The objective of this study was to develop a microplate assay method that uses the GAHK-20 to quantify forage NSC composition. A laboratory microplate enzymatic method was developed for the new glucose kit and evaluated for rapidly assaying NSC components, including glucose, fructose, sucrose, fructan, and starch in 11 species of cool-season perennial grasses. By standard addition, dilution, and temporal tests of enzyme reactions, we found that this microplate enzymatic assay is a rapid and reliable method to quantify NSC composition in grass forage samples. The microplate method allows analysis of many samples per day and considerably improved time and reagent use efficiencies, especially for a large number of samples. In addition to forage, this method should be suitable for measuring NSC concentrations in fresh or dry tissues of a variety of other plant samples.

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