Phenotyping Parents of Mapping Populations of Rice for Heat Tolerance during Anthesis
- S. V. K. Jagadish,
- P. Q. Craufurd * and
- T. R. Wheeler
Seed set of rice (Oryza sativa L.) is highly sensitive to short episodes of high temperature at anthesis events that are likely to be more frequent in future climates. Breeding for tolerance is therefore an essential component of adaptation to climate variability and change. Experiments were conducted in 2003 and 2004 at optimum (30°C daytime) and high (35 and 38°C) air temperature using parents of some prominent mapping populations (i) to determine whether there were differences in the daily flowering pattern and hence a potential heat avoidance mechanism, and (ii) to identify rice genotypes having true heat tolerance during anthesis, that is, high seed set in spikelets exposed to high temperature. Rice cultivar CG14 (O. glaberrima) reached peak anthesis earlier in the morning (1.5 h after dawn) under both control (30°C) and high (38°C) temperature conditions than O. sativa genotypes (≥3 h after dawn). Exposure to high temperature (centered on the time of peak anthesis) for 6 h reduced spikelet fertility more than exposure for 2 h, and fertility was lower at 38°C than at 35°C. Genotypic ranking for spikelet fertility at 35 and 38°C was highly correlated in both 2003 and 2004. Fertility was also highly correlated across years, suggesting a consistent and reproducible response of spikelet fertility to temperature. The check cultivar N22 was the most heat tolerant genotype (64–86% fertility at 38°C) and cultivars Azucena and Moroberekan the most susceptible (<8%).Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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