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  1. Vol. 46 No. 6, p. 2555-2560
     
    Received: May 31, 2006
    Published: Nov, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): mmikel@uiuc.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2006.05.0358

Availability and Analysis of Proprietary Dent Corn Inbred Lines with Expired U.S. Plant Variety Protection

  1. Mark A. Mikel *
  1. Dep. of Crop Sciences and Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center, Univ. of Illinois, 901 S. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801 and Maize Lineage LLC, 3408 Mill Creek Ct., Champaign, IL 61822

Abstract

Current U.S. commercial hybrid corn (Zea mays L.) is produced using proprietary inbred corn lines as parents. Most proprietary corn inbred lines have been protected by the U.S. Patent and/or U.S. Plant Variety Protection Act (PVPA) since approximately 1980. Currently there are 89 dent inbred corn lines (with more each year) whose intellectual proprietary protection has expired. These inbred lines are now available from the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System with freedom to operate for applications in research, plant breeding, and direct commercial use. This study facilitates an understanding of this germplasm by utilizing detailed pedigree and phenotypic information available from U.S. Patent and PVPA records to enhance their application to research and product development. This germplasm is mostly yellow dent and ranges in maturity from early (1000 heat units to mid-silk) to full (1708 heat units to mid-silk) season. These proprietary lines are from diverse backgrounds that include Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic, Argentine Maiz Amargo, Oh43, Minnesota 13, Iodent, Lancaster, Oh07Midland, Commercial Hybrid derived, and uncharacterized broad base sources from exotic, synthetic, and open pollinated populations.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America