Genetic Resistance to Mycosphaerella pinodes in 558 Field Pea Accessions
- Roger Zhanga,
- Sheau-Fang Hwang *b,
- Kan-Fa Changc,
- Bruce D. Gossend,
- Stephen E. Strelkove,
- George D. Turnbulle and
- Stanford F. Bladec
- a Alberta Research Council, Vegreville, AB T9C 1T4, Canada
b Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Crop Diversification Centre North, Edmonton, AB T5Y 6H3
c Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Field Crop Development Centre, Lacombe, AB T4L 1W1, Canada
d Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Saskatoon Research Centre, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X2, Canada
e University of Alberta, Dep. of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P5, Canada
Comprehensive assessments of germplasm collections of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) have failed to identify any accessions that are highly resistant to Mycosphaerella blight, caused by Mycosphaerella pinodes In the present study, the broad-sense heritability of resistance to M. pinodes was studied on 558 pea genotypes in a detached-leaf assay and in field trials over 2 yr. In addition, analysis of covariance in disease reaction between the two assessment methods was examined. Only a few genotypes displayed relatively high levels of resistance, and as expected, no complete resistance was observed. The pattern of differences in reaction to M. pinodes among the genotypes demonstrates that resistance is quantitative and moderately heritable. Broad-sense heritability was higher in the detached-leaf assays than in the field trials, likely because of more environmental variance in the field. Covariance between repetitions of the detached leaf assays was not significant but was significant between the field tests. This indicates that detached-leaf assessments are more reliable for assessment of large numbers of accessions.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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