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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 5, p. 2093-2103
     
    Received: Feb 23, 2006
    Published: Sept, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): bahman.ehdaie@ucr.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2006.01.0013

Genotypic Variation for Stem Reserves and Mobilization in Wheat

  1. B. Ehdaie *a,
  2. G. A. Alloushb,
  3. M. A. Madorec and
  4. J. G. Wainesa
  1. a Dep. of Botany and Plant Sci., Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0124
    b Dep. of Soil Sci., Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen Univ., Lattakia, Syria
    c Gryndlscot Farms, RR 9, Dunnville, Ontario N1A 2W8 Canada

Abstract

Grain filling in wheat crops grown in semiarid regions may depend more on stored water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) than on current photosynthesis. We evaluated the hypothesis that internode WSC content, specific content (WSC content/internode length), and concentration (WSC content/internode weight) of genotypes affect accumulation and mobilization of stem WSC. Genotypic variation for internode WSC-related traits was measured on the main stem at 10-d intervals in 11 diverse wheats grown under well-watered and droughted field conditions across 2 yr. Relationships among internode WSC-related traits were determined. Date of harvest was the most important factor affecting internode WSC-related traits followed by genotype, irrigation, and year. Genotype × date of harvest was the most important interaction. Drought reduced WSC content, specific content, and concentration in different internodes, except WSC concentration in peduncles. Mobilized WSC from peduncle, penultimate, and lower internodes ranged from 70 to 244 mg, from 95 to 227 mg, and from 175 to 450 mg, respectively. The lower internodes provided 51% of the stem mobilized WSC. Mobilized WSC was higher in well-watered than in droughted conditions for penultimate (164 vs. 135 mg) and lower internodes (274 vs. 244 mg). Drought improved mobilization efficiency in the peduncle, penultimate, and lower internodes by 33, 17, and 11%, respectively. Postanthesis maximum WSC content was highly correlated (r = 0.89 to 0.99) with the amount of WSC mobilized in different internodes, and could be used as a selection criterion to stabilize grain yield under stressful environments.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America

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