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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 5, p. 1919-1928
     
    Received: Mar 23, 2006
    Published: Sept, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): coblentz@wisc.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.11-0442

Using Orchardgrass and Endophyte-Free Fescue Versus Endophyte-Infected Fescue Overseeded on Bermudagrass for Cow Herds

  1. W. K. Coblentz *a,
  2. K. P. Coffeyb,
  3. T. F. Smithc,
  4. D. S. Hubbellc,
  5. D. A. Scarbroughd,
  6. J. B. Humphrye,
  7. B. C. McGinleyf,
  8. J. E. Turnerg,
  9. J. A. Jenningsh,
  10. C. P. Westi,
  11. M. P. Poppj,
  12. D. H. Hellwigk,
  13. D. L. Kreiderb and
  14. C. F. Rosenkransb
  1. a USDA-ARS, U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center, Univ. of Wisconsin Marshfield Agric. Exp. Stn., 8396 Yellowstone Dr., Marshfield, WI 54449
    b Dep. of Animal Science, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    c Univ. of Arkansas Livestock and Forestry Branch Stn., 70 Exp. Stn. Drive, Batesville, AR 72501
    d 126 Jessie Dunn, Northwestern Oklahoma State Univ., Alva, OK 73717
    e Humphry Environmental, Inc., Fayetteville, AR 72702
    f Stone County Extension Building, Mountain View, AR 72560
    g North Carolina State Univ. Mountain Research Stn., Waynesville, NC 28786
    h Animal Science Section, Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, Little Rock, AR 72203
    i Dep. of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    j Dep. of Agric. Economics and Agribusiness, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701
    k Berea College, Berea, KY 40404. W.K. Coblentz, D.A. Scarbrough, J.B. Humphry, B.C. McGinley, J.E. Turner, and D.H. Hellwig all were associated formerly with the Dep. of Animal Science, Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701

Abstract

A systems trial was designed to evaluate forage characteristics within mixed-species pastures consisting of (i) endophyte-infected tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.; E+) mixed with common bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] and other forages; (ii) endophyte-free tall fescue (E−) overseeded into dormant common bermudagrass; and (iii) orchardgrass (OG; Dactylis glomerata L.) established under the same conditions as E−. The E− and OG pastures were grazed with either twice weekly (2W) or twice monthly (2M) rotation schedules, but E+ was grazed only as 2M. Across 41 sampling dates (2000 through 2003) the mean forage mass across all forage systems was 3809 kg ha−1, and there was an interaction of forage system and sampling date (P = 0.001). In vitro dry matter disappearance (IVDMD) and crude protein (CP) varied (P < 0.0001) with sampling date in seasonal patterns that were generally predictable. Frequencies of tall fescue in E− and E+ pastures increased (P < 0.10) over years, reaching numerical maxima (61 to 72%) at the end of the trial. For OG, frequencies reached numerical maxima of 52 and 42% in 2W and 2M pastures, respectively, but then declined (P < 0.10) over time, ending at 39 and 24%, respectively. At the end of the trial, reinfection of OG pastures by rogue E+ plants reached a numerical maximum frequency of only 10%, and concentrations of total ergot alkaloids in tall fescue plants from E− pastures were only about 25% of those for E+ pastures, thereby suggesting that pasture toxicity can be reduced substantially for at least 5 yr using these alternative forage systems.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America