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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 3, p. 1341-1345
     
    Received: Oct 7, 2005
    Published: May, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): amaas@tifton.usda.gov
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.10-0335

Planting Density Influences Disease Incidence and Severity of Sclerotinia Blight in Peanut

  1. Andrea L. Maas *a,
  2. Kenton E. Dashiellb and
  3. Hassan A. Meloukc
  1. a USDA-ARS, Coastal Plain Exp. Sta., P.O. Box 748, Tifton GA 31794
    b USDA-ARS, Northern Grain Insects Res. Lab., 2923 Medary Ave., Brookings, SD 57006
    c USDA-ARS, 127 NRC, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078

Abstract

Sclerotinia blight, caused by Sclerotinia minor Jagger, has become one of the major limiting factors in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the effects of plant spacing on disease incidence and severity of Sclerotinia blight in peanut research plots, to measure the level of apparent resistance at different seeding rates, and to determine which methods would produce clearest selection criteria in space-planted breeding plots. Four peanut cultivars, Tamspan 90, Southwest Runner, Okrun, and Flavor Runner 458, were evaluated in field plots at four plant spacings (6, 15, 30, and 46 cm) in 2003 and 2004. Increased plant spacing improved sensitivity of disease incidence based determination of cultivar resistance but did not increase mean incidence significantly. Disease severity reached the highest level at the widest plant spacing. Final disease incidence provided excellent differentiation of genotypes with different levels of resistance and required the least amount of labor as compared with other methods of disease assessment.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America