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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 3, p. 1143-1148
     
    Received: July 25, 2005
    Published: May, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): yhan@noble.org
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.07-0217

Inheritance of Resistance to Gray Leaf Spot Disease in Perennial Ryegrass

  1. Yuanhong Han *a,
  2. Stacy A. Bonosb,
  3. Bruce B. Clarkeb and
  4. William A. Meyerb
  1. a Forage Division, Noble Foundation, 2510 Sam Noble Pky., Ardmore, OK 73401
    b Dep. of Plant Biology and Pathology, Rutgers University, 59 Dudley Rd., Foran Hall, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520

Abstract

Gray leaf spot disease, caused by Pyricularia oryzae Cavara, is an important disease in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) turf. Host resistance is an ideal and promising approach to disease control. In this study, two diallel crosses involving six parents and eight parents, respectively, of perennial ryegrass were established to investigate the inheritance of gray leaf spot resistance. Parents and progenies were evaluated for gray leaf spot resistance in growth chamber experiments where they were inoculated with a mixture of five pathogen isolates. A field experiment was conducted on the progenies of one diallel cross. Effects of both general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were significant in both growth chamber and field tests. However, the GCA variance accounted for the major portion of the total genotypic variance. Narrow-sense heritability calculated by midparent–offspring regression ranged from 0.57 to 0.76, indicating additive gene effects were the major genetic component in control of gray leaf spot. Estimates of minimum number of genes ranged from 2.1 to 4.4, suggesting resistance to gray leaf spot was controlled by a small number of genes. All the results suggested that a breeding program basing on recurrent selection should be effective to improve the resistance to gray leaf spot in perennial ryegrass.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America

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