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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 46 No. 2, p. 968-973
     
    Received: July 17, 2005
    Published: Mar, 2006


    * Corresponding author(s): peter@DiversityArrays.com
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2005.07.0209

A Greenhouse Method to Screen Brachiariagrass Genotypes for Aluminum Resistance and Root Vigor

  1. Peter Wenzla,
  2. Adriana Arangob,
  3. Alba L. Chavesc,
  4. María E. Buitragoc,
  5. Gloria M. Patiñoc,
  6. John Milesc and
  7. Idupulapati M. Rao *c
  1. a Diversity Arrays Technology (DArT) P/L, GPO Box 3200 Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    b Dep. of Renewable Resources, Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada
    c Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), A.A. 6713 Cali, Colombia

Abstract

Brachiaria species are widely sown on the infertile and Al-toxic soils of neotropical savannas. Breeding programs seek to combine edaphic adaptation with other traits in interspecific hybrids. Edaphic adaptation is difficult to assess because it is only manifest in pasture persistence across several growing seasons. We developed and validated a solution-culture technique that uses rooted vegetative propagules from mature plants to assess two key components of edaphic adaptation: root vigor and Al resistance. Root vigor was assessed by measuring growth of adventitious root systems in 200 μM CaCl2 (pH 4.2). Aluminum resistance was assessed by comparing root growth in this solution vs. root growth in an identical solution that also contained 200 μM AlCl3 The well-adapted parent (Brachiaria decumbens Stapf cv. Basilisk) was superior to the less-adapted parent (B. ruziziensis Germain & Evrad clone 44-02), and both traits segregated as expected in a set of 44-02 × Basilisk hybrids. A simplified version of this technique, which exclusively relies on visual inspection, has been implemented in our breeding program to facilitate progress toward edaphic adaptation.

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Copyright © 2006. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America