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  1. Vol. 43 No. 6, p. 2089-2098
     
    Received: May 28, 2002
    Published: Nov, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): mkoc@mail.cu.edu.tr
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2003.2089

Photosynthesis and Productivity of Old and Modern Durum Wheats in a Mediterranean Environment

  1. Müjde Koç *,
  2. Celaleddin Barutçular and
  3. Ibrahim Genç
  1. Dep. of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Univ. of Çukurova, 01330 Adana, Turkey

Abstract

Genetic variability of leaf net photosynthesis rate (An) and its relation to productivity in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) is not well defined. Two field experiments were conducted at the experimental area of the Faculty of Agriculture, in the University of Çukurova, Turkey, to evaluate the differences between old and modern cultivars in An and productivity. Experiments with sowing dates in November 1996 and February 1997 were performed under rainfed and irrigated conditions, respectively. Measurements included leaf gas exchange and agronomic traits. Old cultivars (OC) were later flowering and taller than modern cultivars (MC) and their harvest indexes were lower. Before the onset of leaf senescence, most of the OC exhibited higher An values than most of the MC, but the extent of variability was not great. High An was correlated with high stomatal conductance (gs), but no overall correlation between An and the ratio of internal [CO2] to [CO2] in the air was observed. In spite of higher An, OC showed no superiority in grain yield. The results indicate that mesophyll conductance rather than gs has an effect on variation in An, and that preanthesis dry matter distribution and total flag leaf photosynthesis and its duration appear to be more relevant than An for grain yield, especially under drought.

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Copyright © 2003. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America