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  1. Vol. 43 No. 6, p. 1952-1959
     
    Received: July 22, 2002
    Published: Nov, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): geigerhh@uni-hohenheim.de
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doi:10.2135/cropsci2003.1952

Comparing Methods for Integrating Exotic Germplasm into European Forage Maize Breeding Programs 1

  1. Domagoj Šimićb,
  2. Thomas Presterla,
  3. Günter Seitzc and
  4. Hartwig H. Geiger *a
  1. b Agricultural Institute Osijek, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
    a Institute of Plant Breeding, Seed Science, and Population Genetics, D-70593 Stuttgart, Germany
    c AgReliant Genetics, Westfield, IN 46074, USA

Abstract

To broaden the genetic base of Central European germplasm of forage maize (Zea mays L.), it is necessary to integrate exotic materials into adapted breeding populations. The aim of the study was to compare several methods of integration by evaluating 18 initial crosses between adapted (recipient) and exotic (donor) elite dent inbred lines with regard to their testcross performance. Specific objectives were (i) to assess the effects of backcrossing the F1 to the recipient and intermating the F2 generation, (ii) to determine the benefit of selection for earliness, and (iii) to examine the influence of the recipient and donor genotype on the integration methods. Three foundation populations were developed from each of the initial crosses: F2, F2–Syn2 (= F2 twice intermated) and BC1 Fifty S1 lines were produced from the 4.4% earliest S0 plants of each foundation population. Bulks of these S1 lines along with the pertinent F1s and recipient parents were testcrossed with an adapted flint line. The testcrosses were evaluated in field trials at three locations in southern Germany in 1994 and 1995. Whole plant quality traits were investigated by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Differences between generation means were significant for all agronomic traits and for starch content and crude protein content. For dry matter yield, the effect of backcrossing varied among the initial crosses, while the influence of intermating was nonsignificant in most instances. Averaged across all generations, initial crosses which had inbred lines B73 or Mo17 as donors were superior to all other crosses for dry matter yield without being later in maturity. For maturity, the effects of backcrossing, intermating, and selection for earliness generally were all germplasm specific. This suggests that the choice of germplasm is more important than the integration method.

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Copyright © 2003. Crop Science Society of AmericaCrop Science Society of America

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