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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 38 No. 3, p. 801-805
     
    Received: Dec 16, 1997
    Published: May, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): warnkes@ucs.orst.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1998.0011183X003800030030x

Isozyme Analysis Supports Allotetraploid Inheritance in Tetraploid Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.)

  1. S. E. Warnke ,
  2. D. S. Douches and
  3. B. E. Branham
  1. N FSPRC, 3450 S. W. Campus Way, Corvallis, OR 97331
    D ep. of Crop and Soil Science, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48823
    D ep. of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, 1102 S. Goodwin Dr., Urbana, IL 61801

Abstract

Abstract

Inheritance data from tetraploid Agrostis palustris Huds. populations produced by crossing selected plants from cultivated creeping bentgrass varieties is reported. Phosphoglucose isomerase, phosphoglucomutase, glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, triosphosphate isomerase, anodal peroxidase, esterase, and alcohol dehydrogenase were resolved in a Tris-citrate/lithium-borate pH 8.3 buffer system. Acid phosphatase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, aconitase, malate dehydrogenase (MDH), and shikimic acid dehydrogenase were resolved in a histidine-citrate pH 5.7 buffer system. Four enzyme systems exhibiting polymorphism in the Tris-citrate/lithium-borate buffer system were selected for further genetics studies. Segregation data at the Tpi-l, Tpi-2, Got-2, Pgi-2, and Pgm-2 loci were used to identify allozymes and distinguish between allo- or autotetraploid segregation patterns. Two allozymes were identified at the Pgm-2 and Tpi-1 loci, while three allozymes were identified at the Got-2 and Tpi-2 loci. The Pgi-2 locus was highly polymorphic with six different allozymes identified. Fixed heterozygosity at the Tpi-2 and Got-2 loci and disomic segregation for a tetraoallelic individual at the Pgi-2 locus provided strong genetic evidence to support allotetraploid inheritance in creeping bentgrass. Additionally, one parental done that exhibited high levels of self-fertility was identified and its breeding implications are discussed.

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