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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 37 No. 4, p. 1159-1162
     
    Received: Aug 16, 1996
    Published: July, 1997


    * Corresponding author(s): S.DWIVEDI@CGNET.COM
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X003700040022x

Combining Ability of Response to Photoperiod in Peanut

  1. S. N. Nigam,
  2. S. L. Dwivedi ,
  3. V. M. Ramraj and
  4. S. Chandra
  1. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), ICRISAT Asia Center (IAC), Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, 502324, India
    Research Centre, Godrej Soaps Limited, Vikhroli (E), Bombay, 400079, India

Abstract

Abstract

Photoperiod insensitivity plays an important role in the adaptation of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes across environments. However, little is known of its genetic control. The objective of this study was to determine the combining ability of response to photoperiod in peanut. The F1 progenies from a six-parent diallel cross excluding reciprocals were studied together with their parents for response to photoperiod under short and long day conditions in the field for three seasons. The experiment was conducted in a split plot design with photoperiod as main plots and genotype as subplots. The response to photoperiod (DSL) was computed as the difference in harvest index (adjusted pod weight/adjusted biomass) between short and long day treatments. The mean square for response to photoperiod was highly significant for parents and their crosses. Season by cross interaction was the only significant interaction effect. The response to photoperiod was mainly associated with general combining ability variance. ICG 2405 and ICGV 86031 were good general combiners for insensitivity to photoperiod. All crosses of sensitive × sensitive and sensitive × insensitive parents were sensitive to photoperiod. However, in several cases, this response was not consistent across seasons and resulted in a significant season × cross interaction. The F1 between insensitive parents was insensitive to photoperiod in the three seasons tested. A comparison of F1 response with parents and midparent value of crosses between photoperiod sensitive and insensitive parents suggested additive gene action in some crosses and partial dominance to dominance in others.

ICRISAT Journal Article no.1941. Mention of commercial products of companies does not imply endorsement or recommendation by ICRISAT over others of similar nature.

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