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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 35 No. 6, p. 1695-1699
     
    Received: Dec 19, 1995
    Published: Nov, 1995


    * Corresponding author(s): tsc@rust.pp.ksu.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1995.0011183X003500060031x

Marker-Based Analysis of Quantitative Traits in Winter Wheat × Triticum tauschii Populations

  1. A. K. Fritz,
  2. T. S. Cox ,
  3. B. S. Gill and
  4. R. G. Sears
  1. D ep. of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX, 77843
    U SDA-ARS and Dep. of Agronomy
    D ep. of Plant Pathology, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS, 66506
    D ep. of Agronomy

Abstract

Abstract

Triticum tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. has become a commonly used genetic resource for wheat improvement. Although genes controlling qualitative traits such as disease and insect resistances are generally targeted in germplasm development programs, genes for quantitative traits may be introgressed along with the target genes. This study was designed to identify genomic regions associated with quantitative traits from hexaploid/diploid wheat crosses. One hundred forty-seven BC2F1-derived families from crosses between elite common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) lines and T. tauschii were evaluated for yield, kernel weight, protein concentration, and kernel hardness in field experiments at two locations during 2 yr. Genotypes of these families were determined by testing with one protein, 25 restriction fragment length polymorphism probes, and eight random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Two RAPD markers were associated with consistent effects on grain yield. Three markers were associated with kernel weight, accounting for 16% of the variance among families. In addition, two loci associated with protein concentration and one locus associated with kernel hardness were identified, accounting for 29 and 9% of the variance among families for the respective traits. In most instances, quantitative trait loci had relatively small effects, and regression analysis of agronomic performance on proportion of marker alleles from T. tauschii showed that the majority of linked chromatin from the diploid species had no detectable effect on any trait. Based on these results and previous studies, T. tauschii can be considered a primary source of resistance genes for wheat improvement.

Contribution no. 95-47-J from the Kansas Agric. Exp. Stn.

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