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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 35 No. 6, p. 1631-1635
     
    Received: Nov 3, 1994
    Published: Nov, 1995


    * Corresponding author(s): cam@hort.purdue.edu
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doi:10.2135/cropsci1995.0011183X003500060019x

Photoperiod Shift Effects on Yield Characteristics of Rice

  1. Gayle M. Volk and
  2. Cary A. Mitchell 
  1. S ection of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853
    N ASA Specialized Center of Research and Training in Bioregerative Life-Support, Purdue University, 1165 Horticulture Bldg., West Lafayette, IN 47907-1165

Abstract

Abstract

Edible yield must be maximized for each crop species selected for inclusion in the Controlled Ecological Life-Support System (CELSS) proposed by NASA to support long-term manned space missions. In a greenhouse study aimed at increasing biomass partitioning to rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain, plants of the high yielding semi-dwarf rice cultivar Ai-Nan-Tsao were started in pots under 8-h photoperiods at a density of 212 plants m−2. After different periods of time under 8-h photoperiods, pots were switched to continuous light for the remainder of the cropping cycle. Continuous light did not delay time to first panicle emergence (60 d) or time to harvest (83 d). There was a positive correlation between the length of continuous light treatments and nongrain biomass. Grain yield (1.6 ± 0.2 g plant−1) did not increase in continuous light. Yield-efficiency rate (grain weight per length of cropping cycle, canopy volume, and weight of nongrain shoot biomass) was used to compare treatments. Small Ai-Nan-Tsao rice canopies grown under 8-h photoperiods were more efficient producers of grain than canopies grown under continuous light for a portion of the rice cropping cycle.

Project was supported in part by NASA Grant NAGW-2329. Purdue Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn. number 14413.

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