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  1. Vol. 35 No. 4, p. 1007-1010
     
    Received: Dec 17, 1993
    Published: July, 1995


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1995.0011183X003500040013x

Inheritance of Tolerance to Manganese Deficiency in Soybean

  1. M. J. Graham ,
  2. C. D. Nickell and
  3. R. G. Hoeft
  1. Asgrow Seed Co., 634 E. Lincoln Way, Ames, IA 50010

Abstract

Abstract

Manganese deficiency is a recurring problem in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] grown on high pH soils. Presently, the application of chemical fertilizers is used to alleviate yield losses associated with this deficiency. Because chemical control is often ineffective, genetic tolerance could be used in areas where Mn deficiency is a problem. The development of soybean genotypes tolerant to Mn deficiency is facilitated if the mode of inheritance is understood. The F2 and F2:3 progeny of the tolerant germplasm line A14 and the intolerant cultivar Pride B216 were evaluated in the field for tolerance to Mn deficiency. The observed wide range in progeny response to Mn deficiency suggested digenic inheritance. This model was supported by the results of a cluster analysis applied to the F2:3 family mean ratings and variances. Low estimates of narrow sense heritability (h2 = 0.19) in the F2 generation indicated that F2 phenotypic differences were largely due to environmental variation, thereby making yield selection for tolerance to Mn deficiency in the F2 generation difficult. Estimates of narrow sense heritability based on F2:3 family means were greater (h2 = 0.70), indicating that selection based on F2:3 family means should be effective.

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Copyright © 1995. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1995 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.