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  1. Vol. 34 No. 2, p. 473-476
     
    Received: Mar 5, 1993
    Published: Mar, 1994


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1994.0011183X003400020031x

Oat Grain β-Glucan Content as Affected by Nitrogen Level, Location, and Year

  1. B. R. Brunner  and
  2. R. D. Freed
  1. D ep. of Horticulture, Univ. of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, PR 00709
    D ep. of Crop and Soil Science, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824

Abstract

Abstract

β-Glucan is a hypocholesterolemic water-soluble fiber component of oat (Avena sativa L.) grain. Despite beneficial physiological effects associated with β-glucan, few data are available on the effects of environment on β-glucan content. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of N fertilizer, location, and year on oat grain β-glucan concentration. Plantings were made at East Lansing and Caro, MI, in 1987,1988, and 1989. The experimental design was a split plot with three replications. Whole plots consisted of each of three N levels (0, 37, and 74 kg ha−1), and subplots consisted of five oat cultivars (Heritage, Korwood, Ogle, Pacer, and Porter). Increased levels of applied N tended to increase groat β-glucan content. No significant differences in mean β-glucan concentration were found between locations or among cultivars used in the study. β-Glucan concentration was affected by year, with lowest mean values in 1988, intermediate concentrations in 1987, and highest values in 1989. Cultivar × year and cultivar × location interactions were significant. Correlations between β-glucan content and test weight, hull percentage, grain yield, or groat weight were mostly small or nonsignificant. Correlations between groat protein and groat β-glucan were significant, relatively large and positive in 1987 and 1989, but were non-significant in 1988. The results of this research indicate that environment, especially soil N and year-to-year climatic variability, is important in determining oat grain β-glucan concentration.

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Copyright © 1994. Crop Science Society of America, Inc.Copyright © 1994 by the Crop Science Society of America, Inc.

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