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  1. Vol. 32 No. 4, p. 903-906
     
    Received: Aug 14, 1991
    Published: July, 1992


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200040013x

Inheritance of Reduced Linolenic Acid Content in Soybean Genotypes A16 and A17

  1. Walter R. Fehr ,
  2. Grace A. Welke,
  3. Earl G. Hammond,
  4. Daniel N. Duvick and
  5. Sylvia R. Cianzio
  1. Dep. of Agronomy
    Dep. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA 50011

Abstract

Abstract

Reduction of linolenic acid content in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] oil is associated with improved odor and flavor characteristics. Germplasm with the lowest content of this fatty acid known in soybean (<25 g kg−1) was identified in 1986 at Iowa State University from the cross of two mutant lines, A5 × A23. The objective of our study was to determine the genetic control of the reduced linolenic acid content in two lines from that cross, AI6 and AfT. The two lines with < 25 g kg−1 linolenic acid were mated reciprocally to ‘Century 84’ (77 g kg−1 linolenic), the mutant line C1640 (37 kg−1 li nolenic) an d the parents, A5 and A23. There was no maternal effect when AI6 and AI7 were crossed to their parents, but a partial maternal effect was observed in crosses with Century 84 and C1640. In the crosses of Al6 and AI7 with Century 84, the segregation of the F2..3 lines satisfactorily fit a 1:14:1 ratio, which would be expected with the segregation of major genes at two independent loci. The data indicated that AI6 and AI7 obtained the fan(A5) allele from A5 and the fan2(A23) allele from A23. The continuous distributions observed in the AI6 and AI7 crosses with Century 84 indicated that minor genes and environmental effects also are important in the expression of linolenic acid content. Consequently, the low linolenic acid content of AI6 and AI7 can be considered a quantitative character for cultivar development programs.

Journal Paper no. J-14608 of the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station, Ames IA; Projects no. 2475 and 2799. Research supported in part by a grant from the Iowa Soybean Promotion Board.

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