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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 31 No. 6, p. 1412-1417
     
    Received: May 7, 1990
    Published: Nov, 1991


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1991.0011183X003100060003x

Tolerance to Phytophthora Rot in Soybean: II. Evaluation of Three Tolerance Screening Methods

  1. B. A. McBlain ,
  2. M. M. Zimmerly and
  3. A. F. Schmitthenner
  1. D ep. of Agronomy Pathology, Ohio Agric. Res. and Development Ctr., the Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 4469
    6 426 Chippewa Rd., Orrville, OH 44667
    D ep. of Plant Pathology, Ohio Agric. Res. and Development Ctr., the Ohio State Univ., Wooster, OH 44691

Abstract

Abstract

Five screening methods for tolerance to Phytophthora megasperma f. sp. g1ycinea (Drechs.) T. Kuan & D.C. Erwin (Pmg) in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] have been published. This study compares three of these methods. The 45 soybean strains used were reported susceptible to Race 4 of Pmg. Field tests were grown in 1985 and 1986 near Vickery, OH, on Fulton silty-clay (fine, illitic, mesic Aeric Ochraqualt) known to be infested with Race 4 and other races of Pmg. Inoculum-layer and slant-board tests were conducted in a greenhouse and growth chamber, respectively, in 1986 and 1987. Height and maturity data were obtained from replicated yield tests with low Pmg pressure. The inoculum-layer test gives tolerant lines high scores, whereas the slant board and field tests give low values to tolerant lines. The inoculum-layer and slant board data correlated well (r = -0.77, P < 0.01) but neither correlated as well with the field data (r = -0.41, P < 0.05; and r = 0.49, P < 0.01, respectively). Field tolerance scores were correlated with maturity (r 0.46, P < 0.01); however, the field scores of the 15 latest maturing strains were not correlated with maturity and correlated well with the inoculum-layer and slant board scores (r = -0.74, P < 0.01; and r = 0.76, P < 0.01, respectively). Apparently, field scores must be taken prior to onset of pod yellowing (R7). Both laboratory methods are suitable substitutes for the field test, but they evaluate seedling tolerance only. The inoculum-layer method is easier, less expensive, and allows both root rot ratings and tolerance scores based on shoot growth.

Salaries and research support provided by state and federal funds appropriated to the Ohio Aerie. Res. and Development Ctr., the Ohio State Univ. Additional funding provided as a gift by the Ohio Seed Improvement Assoc. Part of thesis submitted by second author in partial fulfillment of M.S. degre

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