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  1. Vol. 23 No. 2, p. 329-333
     
    Received: Apr 15, 1982
    Published: Mar, 1983


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1983.0011183X002300020035x

Response of Soybean to Two Levels of Mineral Nutrition in CO2-Enriched Atmosphere1

  1. Nasser Sionit2

Abstract

Abstract

Studies conducted with increased atmospheric CO2 usually have the nutritional supply being either optimal or not monitored. The expected increase in growth rate and production by plants in an enriched CO2 atmosphere that is predicted for the future could be limited through the rapid depletion of mineral nutrients in the root media. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on soybean (Glycine max L. Merr. cv. Ransom) plants grown under two nutritional levels. Plants were grown from seed in a mixture of gravel, vermiculite, and tnrface in controlled environment chambers at 350 or 675 ppm CO2 and were irrigated with one-eighth or one-half strength Hoagland's solution No. 1. The temperature was 26 C during the 12-hour day, and 20 C during the 12-hour dark period. The photosynthetic photon flux density was 550 μE m-2 sec-1. Plants grown in one-half strength Hoagland's solution produced more branches, total leaf area, and total blomass at each CO2 concentration than those grown in one-eighth strength Hoagland's solution. Specific leaf weight increased with increased CO2 concentration in both nutritional levels. Plants grown in low nutrient supply at low CO2 concentration had a shorter flowering period and produced fewer towers, pods, and seeds due to the abortion of some flowers and senescence of pods. Total plant weight and seed number were greater with the high nutrient level than with the low nutrient level under similar CO2 concentrations. Plants grown at 675 ppm CO2 and receiving one-eighth strength Hoagland's solution produced more biomass and total seed yield than plants grown at 350 ppm CO2 and one-half strength Hoagland's solution. Therefore, the limiting effect of nutrient supply could partly be overcome by the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration.

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