Relation of Seedling Vigor to Semidwarfism, Early Maturity, and Pubescence in Closely Related Rice Lines1
- K. S. McKenzie,
- J. N. Rutger and
- M. L. Peterson2
The effects of independent single genes for plant height, maturity, and pubescence on rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedling vigor in closely related, homozygous F4 lines were studied in laboratory and water-seeded field experiments. Laboratory seedling height, days to emergence, emergence percentage, emergence index, and 100-grain weight were measured. Mature plant height and maturity had no significant affect on laboratory seedling height. Pubescent lines as a group exhibited greater seedling vigor than glabrous lines in the laboratory seedling height test, and emerged through the water sooner in the field test. However, several individual glabrous lines exhibited as much vigor as pubescent lines. Tall lines as a group showed a higher emergence percentage than semidwarf lines. There was a significant height ✕ maturity ✕ pubescence interaction for emergence percentage and emergence index. Semidwarf lines with seedling vigor equal to the tall parent were obtained. It appears that moderately high levels of seedling vigor can be attained in high yielding semidwarf rice cultivars.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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