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  1. Vol. 19 No. 5, p. 567-570
     
    Received: Oct 13, 1978
    Published: Sept, 1979


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1979.0011183X001900050003x

Stormproof Boll in Upland Cotton. I. Development of Instrumentation and an Inheritance Study1

  1. R. E. Dilbeck and
  2. J. E. Quisenberry2

Abstract

Abstract

The stormproof boll is a desirable trait for cultivars of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) grown for once-over stripper-type harvest. The purpose of this study was to develop instrumentation to measure stormproofness (lock tenacity) and to determine the inheritance of the stormproof boll in a particular cross using this instrumentation. Parental, F1, F2, and backcross populations from a cross between ‘Acala 1517 Br-2’ (non-stormproof) and Z-2557 (stormproof) were scored for visual appearance and measurement of lock tenacity to study qualitative inheritance patterns. Analysis of variance and joint scaling tests were conducted on the lock tenacity data for quantitative determinations of inheritance.

The instrumentation developed was capable of detecting differences between stormproof and non-stormproof boll types. Differences between combinations (pulls per boll ✕ number of bolls per entry) were not significant, while differences between entries were significant. Visual classification of segregating populations indicated that a single dominant gene controlled the stormproof character. However, data from lock tenacity determinations made on these same populations indicated a more complex mode of inheritance. Estimates from the joint scaling test suggested that additive, dominant, and epistatic genetic effects controlled the expression of lock tenacity.

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