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  1. Vol. 19 No. 2, p. 179-185
     
    Received: Nov 4, 1977
    Published: Mar, 1979


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1979.0011183X001900020002x

Relative Efficiencies of Population Improvement Methods in Corn: A Simulation Study1

  1. T. M. Choo and
  2. L. W. Kannenberg2

Abstract

Abstract

The relative selection gains per year of three breeding methods (mass, modified ear-to-row, and S1 selection) for corn (Zea mays L.) population improvement were simulated for additive and complete dominance genetic models. The character was assumed to be controlled by 20 major (genotypic value of A = 2) and 20 minor (A = 1) genes with half of the genes of each type at an initial frequency of 0.5 and half at a frequency of 0.1. Genes were independently assorted. Selection intensities of 0.05 and 0.25 (or equivalent), and heritabilities of 0.2 and 0.6 were used~ The population size was 400. The half-sib families in modified ear-to-row selection were evaluated in a four-replication trial, and the S1 progenies were tested in a 10-plant plot with four-replications.

Our studies indicated that S1 selection would be more efficient than the other two methods, provided that a winter nursery is used to shorten the cycle to 2 years. At the high heritability (0.6), mass selection was more effective than modified ear-to-row selection, but the latter was more effective under the low heritability. Genotypic variances decreased in all cases as selection proceeded, but the decrease was most rapid under S1 selection. About 14 cycles of S1 selection exhausted the genotypic variance at the high heritability and high selection intensity. The results also suggested that an S1 progeny evaluation trial with 10-plant plots and four replications is adequate for improving population performance.

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