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  1. Vol. 16 No. 5, p. 611-615
     
    Received: May 15, 1975
    Published: Sept, 1976


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1976.0011183X001600050002x

Stand Establishment of Wheat Lines under Different Levels of Water Potential1

  1. Azam Gul and
  2. R. E. Allan2

Abstract

Abstract

Seedling emergence and the growth of seedlings of 93 wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell.) lines, developed by recurrent selection for improved seedling vigor, and tour check cultivars were studied at four soilwater levels in laboratory tests and at different planting depths and locations in three field tests. Both studies revealed that the lines differed markedly in their emergence characteristics. Emergence rate index (ERI) was high for number of lines in all four soil water potentials (—2.2, —6.0, —10.2, —14.4 bars) and in field tests.

The time required for emergence nearly doubled for each decrease of water potential of —4 bars within the range studied. Total stand, coleoptile length, seedling height, and root weight were similarly progressively reduced as water potential decreased.

Total stand, coleoptile length, and seedling height were inconsistently related to ERI in laboratory tests, but were generally related in the field tests. Likewise, root weights of the nine promising lines were inconsistent with ERI at the three higher water potentials but were correlated (r = 0.93) at the lowest water potential the laboratory tests.

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