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This article in CS

  1. Vol. 15 No. 3, p. 412-416
     
    Received: Oct 7, 1974
    Published: May, 1975


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1975.0011183X001500030039x

Response of Beans to Shading1

  1. R. K. Crookston,
  2. K. J. Treharne,
  3. P. Ludford and
  4. J. L. Ozbun2

Abstract

Abstract

Two dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars were grown in controlled-environment chambers under standard light [390 μ Einsteins m-2 sec-1 (400 to 700 nm) = approx. 22,000 lux] and shaded light [55 μ Einsteins m-2 sec-1 (400 to 700 nm) = approx. 3,200 lux] intensities. Experimental observations included measurement of gas exchange and photosynthetic and respiratory enzyme activity along with examination of plant morphology, leaf anatomy, and chloroplast ultrastructure.

Shading reduced leaf number, area, and thickness. Photosynthesis/unit area of shaded leaves was decreased by an average of 38%. Transpiration was not significantly affected. Increased intracellular resistance of the shaded leaves was more important in reducing CO2 uptake than was the increase in stomatal resistance. The increase in mesophyll resistance was reflected both in the biochemical reactions of the leaf (activity of all measured enzymes being reduced by 70%) and in the ultrastructure of the leaf chloroplasts (reduced quantities of starch in spite of extensive grana).

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