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  1. Vol. 13 No. 4, p. 429-432
     
    Received: Jan 11, 1973
    Published: July, 1973


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1973.0011183X001300040012x

Effect of Time and Rate of Application of Two Growth Retardants on Growth, Flowering, and Yield of Upland Cotton1

  1. A. Marani2,
  2. M. Zur3,
  3. A. Eshel2,
  4. H. Zimmerman2,
  5. R. Carmeli3 and
  6. B. Karadavid3

Abstract

Abstract

Six experiments were conducted at four locations in Israel in order to evaluate the effect of two growth retarding chemicals, CCC and CMH, on plants of Upland cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. When sprayed during the first week of flowering, CCC at 50 and CMH at 480 g a.i./ha retarded the increase in height of cotton plants without adversely affecting lint yield or quality. These treatments caused a small reduction in flower production, but this was not associated with a decrease in yield. In some of the experiments, the increase in plant height following treatment was reduced by as much as 50%. Application of CCC at the rate of 100 g a.i./h at the beginning of flowering significantly reduced lint yield in one experiment. Increasing the rate of CMH to 720 g a.i./ha produced no harmful effects.

When CCC or CMH were applied in the middle of the flowering period, they were less effective in reducing plant height. These results indicate that both CCC and CMH may be used to arrest excessive vegetative development of cotton plants, and that the optimum time of application is the beginning of flowering.

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