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  1. Vol. 11 No. 3, p. 433-435
     
    Received: Nov 14, 1970
    Published: May, 1971


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doi:10.2135/cropsci1971.0011183X001100030038x

Isolation of Haploids of Tetraploid Alfalfa1

  1. T. Bingham2

Abstract

Abstract

Isolation of 178 haploids (2n=2x=16) of tetraploid alfalfa (2n=4x=32) by the 4x−2x cross method is described. Haploids were obtained from 28 out of 34 tetraploid seed parents, indicating most cultivated tetraploids are capable of haploid production. Seed parents varied in haploid frequency from 0 to 10 haploids per 1000 flowers pollinated with diploid pollen. The diploid pollinator also affected the frequency of haploids. Use of a seedling marker and distinctive morphological characteristics of haploids minimized the number of plants on which chromosome counts were required. Screening for spontaneously occurring haploids in breeding populations and in twin seedlings was inefficient. The potential use of haploids in alfalfa research was discussed.

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