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Description of locations for ethanol feedstocks study.

 
Location Agroecological zone Soil zone Years Growing season precipitation
Latitude Longitude
2006 2007 2008 2009
mm
Dawson Creek, BC Parkland Grey Wooded 2007, 2009 –† 438 240 55°48′ N 120°14′ W
Fort St John, BC Parkland Grey Wooded 2007, 2009 562 222 56°17′ N 120°50′ W
Donnelly, AB Parkland Grey Wooded 2007 270 55°43′ N 117°6′ W
Edmonton, AB Parkland Black 2007, 2008, 2009 181 159 147 53°33′ N 113°29′ W
Falher, AB Parkland Grey Wooded 2007, 2008, 2009 270 234 107 55°46′ N 117°10′ W
Killam, AB Parkland Black 2006, 2007 416 370 52°47′ N 111°51′ W
Kitscoty, AB Parkland Black 2006 469 53°20′ N 110°20′ W
Lacombe, AB Parkland Black 2007, 2008, 2009 357 230 279 52°29′ N 113°43′ W
Lethbridge, AB (dry) Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 164 380 241 49°41′ N 112°50′ W
Lethbridge, AB (irrigated) Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 291 456 343 49°41′ N 112°50′ W
Neapolis, AB Parkland Black 2007, 2009 472 114 51°40′ N 113°52′ W
Sexsmith, AB Parkland Grey Wooded 2007 537 55°21′ N 118°46′ W
Vermilion, AB Parkland Black 2007 397 53°21′ N 110°51′ W
Westlock, AB Parkland Grey Wooded 2007 278 54°9′ N 113°51′ W
Canora, SK Parkland Grey Wooded 2007 365 51°38′ N 102°26′ W
Indian Head, SK Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 275 217 210 50°32′ N 103°39′ W
Lake Lenore, SK Parkland Black 2007, 2008 369 178 52°25′ N 104°58′ W
Lashburn, SK Parkland Black 2006 339 53°7′ N 109°36′ W
Melfort, SK Parkland Black 2007, 2008, 2009 351 190 243 52°52′ N 104°36′ W
Outlook, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007 291 51°29′ N 107°3′ W
Redvers, SK Eastern Prairies Black 2007 283 49°34′ N 101°41′ W
Regina, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008 267 228 50°26′ N 104°35′ W
Saskatoon, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 489 278 180 215 52°8′ N 106°38′ W
Scott, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 313 207 173 52°21′ N 108°49′ W
Swift Current, SK Western Prairies Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 152 337 199 50°18′ N 107°46′ W
Valparaiso, SK Parkland Grey Wooded 2006 489 52°51′ N 104°10′ W
Watrous, SK Western Prairies Dark Brown 2007, 2008, 2009 210 238 256 51°40′ N 105°27′ W
Arborg, MB Parkland Grey Wooded 2008 466 387 50°54′ N 97°13′ W
Brandon, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 257 367 241 49°50′ N 99°56′ W
Carberry, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2009 389 235 49°51′ N 99°21′ W
Melita, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 378 283 258 213 49°16′ N 100°59′ W
Minto, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2006 462 49°24′ N 100°1′ W
Neepawa, MB Parkland Grey Wooded 2006, 2007 462 477 49°24′ N 100°1′ W
Portage, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2009 395 209 49°58′ N 98°17′ W
Roblin, MB Parkland Grey Wooded 2007, 2008, 2009 445 308 287 51°13′ N 101°21′ W
Rosebank, MB Eastern Prairies Black 2007, 2008, 2009 388 315 274 49°22′ N 98°6′ W
Precipitation data not collected.



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Summary of cultivars evaluated and corresponding market class description.

 
Cultivar Classification Reference
AC Ultima spring triticale McLeod et al. (2001)
Pronghorn spring triticale Salmon et al. (1997)
Tyndal spring triticale Salmon et al. (2007)
AC Andrew Canada western soft white spring wheat Sadasivaiah et al. (2004)
AC Sadash Canada western soft white spring wheat Sadasivaiah et al. (2009)
Bhishaj Canada western soft white spring wheat Randhawa et al. (2011)
AC Barrie Canada western red spring wheat McCaig et al. (1996)
AC Superb Canada western red spring wheat Townley-Smith et al. (2010)
Ashby Canada western general purpose candidate not available
Chablis Canada western general purpose candidate not available
Chiraz Canada western general purpose candidate not available
AC Vista Canada prairie spring white wheat DePauw et al. (1998)
Snowhite475 Canada prairie spring white wheat DePauw et al. (2007)
5700PR Canada prairie spring red wheat AgriPro/Syngenta (unpublished data, 2000)
AC Crystal Canada prairie spring red wheat Fernandez et al. (1998)
Hoffman Canada eastern red spring wheat; Canada western general purpose candidate H. Voldeng (unpublished data, 2004)



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Cultivar height data collected in three western Canadian agroecological zones from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Plant height
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
cm
AC Ultima TRIT 99 a‡ 105 bc 102 b 102 c
Pronghorn TRIT 102 a 112 a 108 a 107 a
Tyndal TRIT 102 a 108 abc 102 bc 104 bc
AC Andrew CWSWS 83 cd 87 efg 84 def 85 gh
AC Sadash CWSWS 86 bc 90 ef 88 d 88 e
Bhishaj CWSWS 86 bc 89 ef 87 d 87 ef
AC Barrie CWRS 91 b 99 cd 96 c 96 d
AC Superb CWRS 86 bc 92 de 87 d 88 e
Ashby CWGP 78 de 81 fg 81 efg 80 ijk
Chablis CWGP 78 de 83 efg 79 fg 80 jk
Chiraz CWGP 77 ef 81 fg 79 fg 79 k
Hoffman CWGP 101 a 110 ab 103 b 105 b
AC Vista CPS-W 83 cdf 90 def 86 de 86 efg
Snowhite475 CPS-W 83 bcde 85 efg 84 defg 84 fghi
5700PR CPS-R 77 e 82 g 80 g 80 k
AC Crystal CPS-R 80 de 87 efg 82 efg 83 hij
LSD(0.05)§ 3 4 2 2
Red¶ 83 90 86 89
White¶ 84 88 86 87
Triticale 101 108 104 105
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



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Lodging means (on a scale of 1–9; 1 = erect, 9 = flat on the ground) for data collected in three agroecological zones across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Lodging score
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
AC Ultima TRIT 2.1 abc‡ 1.5 a 1.3 a 1.6 abc
Pronghorn TRIT 2.2 abc 1.3 a 1.2 a 1.6 abc
Tyndal TRIT 1.8 abc 1.3 a 1.3 a 1.4 bc
AC Andrew CWSWS 1.5 bc 1.3 a 1.0 a 1.3 c
AC Sadash CWSWS 1.5 c 1.3 a 1.0 a 1.3 c
Bhishaj CWSWS 2.3 abc 1.7 a 1.4 a 1.8 ab
AC Barrie CWRS 2.1 abc 1.4 a 1.0 a 1.5 abc
AC Superb CWRS 1.7 bc 1.4 a 1.1 a 1.4 bc
Ashby CWGP 1.4 bc 1.1 a 1.0 a 1.2 bc
Chablis CWGP 1.9 abc 1.1 a 1.2 a 1.4 abc
Chiraz CWGP 2.1 abc 1.1 a 1.0 a 1.4 abc
Hoffman CWGP 2.7 a 1.8 a 1.7 a 2.1 a
AC Vista CPS-W 2.8 ab 1.5 a 1.5 a 1.9 abc
Snowhite475 CPS-W 2.2 abc 1.2 a
5700PR CPS-R 1.9 abc 1.3 a 1.1 a 1.4 bc
AC Crystal CPS-R 2.2 abc 1.3 a 1.1 a 1.5 bc
LSD(0.05)§ 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.3
Red¶ 2.0 # 1.6
White¶ 2.1 1.5
Triticale 2.0 1.5
P value <0.001 0.872 0.142 0.331
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.
#Missing means indicate missing data or nonestimable functions.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 5.

Aboveground biomass means collected in three agroecological zones across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Mean aboveground biomass
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
Mg ha–1
AC Ultima TRIT 5.20 abc‡ 6.37 a 5.99 ab 5.85 abc
Pronghorn TRIT 5.32 ab 6.18 ab 6.14 a 5.88 ab
Tyndal TRIT 5.15 abc 6.04 ab 5.94 abc 5.71 abcd
AC Andrew CWSWS 4.75 abcd 6.16 ab 5.37 abcd 5.43 bcde
AC Sadash CWSWS 4.68 abcd 6.10 ab 5.25 abcd 5.34 cde
Bhishaj CWSWS 4.38 cd 5.92 ab 4.80 d 5.03 ef
AC Barrie CWRS 4.46 abcd 6.03 ab 5.19 abcd 5.22 abcdef
AC Superb CWRS 4.48 bcd 5.52 ab 4.90 d 4.97 ef
Ashby CWGP 4.18 bcd 4.55 ab 4.96 abcd 4.56 ef
Chablis CWGP 4.26 abcd 5.44 ab 4.86 abcd 4.85 def
Chiraz CWGP 3.74 d 5.05 ab 4.75 abcd 4.51 ef
Hoffman CWGP 5.46 a 6.09 ab 6.29 a 5.95 a
AC Vista CPS-W 4.35 abcd 5.10 ab 4.17 bcd 4.54 ef
Snowhite475 CPS-W
5700PR CPS-R 4.21 d 5.27 ab 4.77 d 4.75 f
AC Crystal CPS-R 4.11 d 5.11 b 4.92 cd 4.72 f
LSD(0.05)§ 0.52 0.99 0.74 0.45
Red¶ 4.36 5.38 5.08 5.10
White¶ 4.54 5.82 4.90 5.26
Triticale 5.22 6.20 6.02 5.81
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 6.

Grain yield means collected in three agroecological zones across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Mean grain yield
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
Mg ha–1
AC Ultima TRIT 5.48 a‡ 5.12 ab 5.71 ab 5.44 a
Pronghorn TRIT 5.66 a 5.24 a 5.84 ab 5.58 a
Tyndal TRIT 5.11 abcd 4.66 abcd 5.39 bcd 5.05 bcd
AC Andrew CWSWS 5.49 a 4.78 abcd 5.78 ab 5.35 ab
AC Sadash CWSWS 5.50 a 4.74 abcd 6.14 a 5.46 a
Bhishaj CWSWS 5.46 a 4.84 abcd 5.81 ab 5.37 ab
AC Barrie CWRS 3.61 e 3.82 bcd 4.25 e 3.89 g
AC Superb CWRS 4.39 de 4.19 d 4.75 de 4.44 f
Ashby CWGP 5.33 abc 4.45 abcd 5.82 abc 5.20 abcd
Chablis CWGP 5.38 abc 4.71 abcd 5.86 abc 5.32 abc
Chiraz CWGP 4.54 bcde 4.00 abcd 5.38 abcd 4.64 def
Hoffman CWGP 5.27 ab 5.05 abc 6.06 a 5.46 a
AC Vista CPS-W 4.88 abcd 4.84 abcd 5.27 bcd 5.00 bcde
Snowhite475 CPS-W 4.82 abcde 4.35 abcd 5.14 bcde 4.77 cdef
5700PR CPS-R 4.51 cd 4.35 bcd 4.89 de 4.58 ef
AC Crystal CPS-R 4.66 bcd 4.28 cd 5.10 cd 4.68 def
LSD(0.05)§ 0.42 0.55 0.36 0.26
Red¶ 4.71 4.36 5.27 4.79
White¶ 5.23 4.71 5.63 5.39
Triticale 5.42 5.01 5.65 5.36
P value
Overall <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.010
Red vs. white <0.001 0.003 <0.001 <0.001
Triticale vs. red <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Triticale vs. white 0.498 0.068 0.004 0.539
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 7.

Kernel weight means collected in three agroecological zones across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Mean kernel weight
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
g
AC Ultima TRIT 46.8 a‡ 42.7 a 45.2 a 44.9 a
Pronghorn TRIT 44.8 abc 41.3 ab 43.6 ab 43.2 bc
Tyndal TRIT 46.0 ab 42.4 a 44.8 a 44.4 ab
AC Andrew CWSWS 37.9 efh 34.0 egh 37.1 de 36.3 g
AC Sadash CWSWS 36.1 fhi 32.9 gh 35.3 ef 34.8 g
Bhishaj CWSWS 35.8 fhi 33.6 egh 35.2 ef 34.8 g
AC Barrie CWRS 35.9 fghi 35.1 cdegh 38.1 cde 36.4 g
AC Superb CWRS 40.9 e 37.4 cdf 40.5 c 39.6 def
Ashby CWGP 40.1 def 39.2 abcde 42.3 abc 40.5 def
Chablis CWGP 34.8 hi 32.8 efgh 35.8 ef 34.4 gh
Chiraz CWGP 32.2 i 30.3 h 32.9 f 31.8 h
Hoffman CWGP 44.3 abcd 41.2 a 45.1 a 43.6 ab
AC Vista CPS-W 41.6 cde 41.1 abc 41.2 bc 41.3 cd
Snowhite475 CPS-W 41.0 bcdef 40.3 abcd 42.1 abc 41.2 cde
5700PR CPS-R 40.3 e 37.6 bcdf 39.5 cd 39.2 ef
AC Crystal CPS-R 39.9 eg 36.3 deg 39.9 c 38.7 f
LSD(0.05)§ 1.9 2.4 1.6 1.2
Red¶ 38.5 36.2 39.3 40.3
White¶ 38.5 36.4 38.2 35.3
Triticale 45.9 42.1 44.5 44.2
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.033
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 8.

Maturity means collected in three agroecological zones across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† Mean maturity
Western Prairies Eastern Prairies Parkland Overall
d
AC Ultima TRIT 115 abcd‡ 127 ab 123 bc 121 b
Pronghorn TRIT 117 a 127 ab 126 ab 123 a
Tyndal TRIT 118 a 128 a 127 a 124 a
AC Andrew CWSWS 115 abcd 125 ab 121 cdef 120 bc
AC Sadash CWSWS 115 abc 125 ab 123 cd 121 b
Bhishaj CWSWS 114 bcd 123 b 121 cdef 119 cd
AC Barrie CWRS 111 d 122 ab 120 cdef 118 cd
AC Superb CWRS 113 bcd 123 b 120 ef 119 cd
Ashby CWGP 118 a 127 ab 128 a 124 a
Chablis CWGP 117 ab 125 ab 124 abc 122 ab
Chiraz CWGP 115 abcd 123 ab 124 abc 120 bcd
Hoffman CWGP 116 ab 125 ab 123 bc 121 b
AC Vista CPS-W 112 cd 123 ab 119 def 118 d
Snowhite475 CPS-W 110 d 123 ab 118 f 117 cd
5700PR CPS-R 115 abcd 124 ab 122 cde 120 bc
AC Crystal CPS-R 113 bcd 124 ab 122 cd 120 bcd
LSD(0.05)§ 2 3 2 1
Red¶ 115 124 123 120
White¶ 113 124 120 120
Triticale 116 127 125 123
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.023
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



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Cultivar response to fusarium head blight (FHB) infestation as mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON), fusarium-damaged kernels (FDK), and FHB index collected in an inoculated nursery in Charlottetown, PEI, from 2007 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† DON
FDK
FHB index (0–100)
2007 2009‡ Overall 2007 2008 Overall 2007 2008 2009 Overall
μg g–1 % (w/w)
AC Ultima TRIT 22.9 abc§ 23.8 23.4 ab 14.0 ab 96.8 a 55.4 ab 11.7 a 31.0 a 21.0 ab 21.2 a
Pronghorn TRIT 13.9 c 45.6 29.7 ab 5.0 b 70.0 bc 37.5 c 5.0 a 15.0 b 5.3 c 8.4 d
Tyndal TRIT 15.5 c 25.1 20.3 b 6.5 b 64.7 c 35.6 c 7.3 a 24.7 ab 13.3 bc 15.1 abc
AC Andrew CWSWS 43.3 ab 56.3 49.8 a 27.4 ab 86.7 abc 57.1 ab 5.7 a 16.0 b 8.0 bc 9.9 cd
AC Sadash CWSWS 44.2 a 47.7 46.0 ab 26.8 ab 93.2 ab 60.0 a 7.3 a 16.0 b 7.7 bc 10.3 cd
Bhishaj CWSWS 31.5 abc 28.5 30.0 ab 22.7 ab 93.6 ab 58.2 ab 9.0 a 13.0 b 18.0 abc 13.3 bcd
AC Superb CWRS 13.8 bc 57.4 35.6 ab 28.4 ab 80.6 abc 54.5 ab 9.3 a 14.0 b 16.3 abc 13.2 bcd
Hoffman CWGP 25.8 abc 22.1 23.9 ab 18.5 ab 68.6 c 43.6 bc 6.3 a 13.3 b 6.3 c 8.7 cd
5700PR CPS-R 22.3 abc 46.7 34.5 ab 24.4 ab 68.6 c 46.5 abc 8.7 a 16.0 b 28.0 a 17.6 ab
AC Crystal CPS-R 26.4 abc 70.9 48.6 a 37.2 a 74.5 abc 55.8 ab 6.7 a 11.0 b 10.0 bc 9.2 cd
LSD(0.05)¶ 27.7 27.2 21.0 21.0 14.9 11.5 11.5 11.5 6.6
Red# 21.4 46.7 34.0 20.1 77.5 48.8 8.0 18.3 16.1 14.1
White# 20.2 37.0 28.6 19.2 79.6 49.4 8.6 17.2 15.9 13.9
Triticale 37.8 42.0 39.9 24.3 82.9 53.6 6.4 15.1 7.3 9.6
P value 0.002 0.018 <0.001 <0.001 0.038 0.692 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Data from the bulked composite of three replications; therefore, only means are reported for 2009.
§Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
#Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 10.

Cultivar response to fusarium head blight (FHB) infestation as mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) and FHB index collected in an inoculated nursery in Ottawa, ON, from 2007 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Class-ification† DON·
FHB index (0–100)
2007 2008 2009 Overall 2007 2008 2009 Overall
μg g–1
AC Ultima TRIT 17.9 bc‡ 33.1 ab 51.7 ab 34.2 bcd 75.0 a 33.3 bc 65.0 a 57.8 a
Pronghorn TRIT 11.1 c 20.2 b 19.6 b 17.0 e 8.3 c 13.0 d 21.3 c 14.2 e
Tyndal TRIT 18.4 bc 25.6 ab 39.7 ab 27.9 cde 41.7 b 40.0 bc 33.3 bc 38.3 c
AC Andrew CWSWS 19.4 abc 28.6 ab 58.5 ab 35.5 bc 41.7 b 38.3 bc 63.3 a 47.8 b
AC Sadash CWSWS 35.5 a 37.0 ab 79.9 a 50.8 a 65.0 a 46.7 b 36.7 bc 49.4 b
Bhishaj CWSWS 30.1 ab 48.7 a 66.1 ab 48.3 ab 76.7 a 31.7 bc 40.0 b 49.4 b
AC Superb CWRS 9.9 c 28.8 ab 40.2 ab 26.3 cde 30.0 b 36.7 bc 35.0 bc 33.9 c
Hoffman CWGP 17.8 bc 14.7 b 29.1 b 20.6 de 28.3 b 25.0 cd 21.7 c 25.0 d
5700PR CPS-R 16.3 bc 34.3 ab 49.2 ab 33.3 cd 41.7 b 40.0 bc 38.3 b 40.0 c
AC Crystal CPS-R 18.1 bc 30.2 ab 37.5 ab 28.6 cde 35.0 b 68.3 a 65.0 a 56.1 a
LSD(0.05)§ 13.5 21.2 38.4 14.3 11.3 13.2 13.1 6.5
Red¶ 15.5 27.0 39.0 27.2 33.8 42.5 40.0 38.8
White¶ 28.3 38.1 68.2 44.9 61.1 38.9 46.7 48.9
Triticale 15.8 26.3 37.0 26.4 41.7 28.8 39.9 36.8
P value 0.264 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat. ‡ Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



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Cultivar response to septoria and powdery mildew infestations collected from a field site in Charlottetown, PEI, in 2007 to 2009.

 
Cultivar Classification† Septoria
Powdery mildew
2007 2008 2009 Overall 2007 2008 Overall
% infection
AC Ultima TRIT 52.1 abc‡ 13.7 b 31.2 bc 32.4 bcd 4.2 b 0.0 a 2.1 b
Pronghorn TRIT 6.2 c 5.9 b 12.7 c 8.3 d 4.1 b 0.0 a 2.0 b
Tyndal TRIT 7.8 c 15.6 b 61.0 ab 28.1 cd 4.1 b 0.0 a 2.0 b
AC Andrew CWSWS 47.9 abc 35.2 ab 77.7 ab 53.6 ab 91.4 a 37.9 a 64.7 a
AC Sadash CWSWS 58.9 abc 15.6 b 83.1 a 52.5 abc 61.4 a 42.1 a 51.7 a
Bhishaj CWSWS 36.5 abc 74.4 a 93.4 a 68.1 a 77.1 a 47.9 a 62.5 a
AC Superb CWRS 60.4 abc 23.8 ab 91.1 a 58.4 a 56.0 a 20.0 a 38.0 a
Hoffman CWGP 9.4 bc 9.2 b 76.1 ab 31.6 bcd 4.7 b 0.0 a 2.3 b
5700PR CPS-R 63.5 ab 9.7 b 93.9 a 55.7 ab 86.9 a 13.4 a 50.2 a
AC Crystal CPS-R 86.7 a 45.8 ab 84.6 a 72.4 a 83.1 a 27.5 a 55.3 a
LSD(0.05)§ 45.4 45.4 39.3 25.1 43.8 43.8 31.0
Red¶ 52.1 18.8 55.6 42.2 44.6 10.2 27.4
White¶ 38.7 20.0 79.0 45.9 45.7 22.6 34.2
Triticale 34.9 37.9 81.9 51.6 52.5 26.7 39.6
P value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
TRIT, spring triticale; CWSWS, Canada western soft white spring wheat; CWRS, Canada western red spring wheat; CWGP, Canada western general purpose candidate; CPS-W, Canada prairie spring white wheat; CPS-R, Canada prairie spring red wheat.
Means followed by the same letter in a column are not significantly different (P < 0.05; Bonferroni adjustment).
§LSD(0.05) can only be used to compare cultivar means.
Red includes CPS-R, CWRS, and CWGP (Hoffman); white includes CPS-W and CWSWS.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 12.

Variance estimates associated with the random effect of site (location × year combinations) for data collected across numerous locations in western Canada from 2006-2009.

 
Effect Variance estimate
Height Lodging Days to Maturity Aboveground biomass Yield Kernel wt.
Site 76.7** 0.522** 271** 6.86** 2.58** 37.8**
Site × cultivar 7.8** 0.234** 4** 0.20** 0.27** 4.9**
Site × cultivar, %† 9 31 2 3 10 11
**Significant at P < 0.01.
Percentage of the total variance associated with the effect of site.