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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 99 No. 4, p. 912-920
     
    Received: Apr 24, 2006
    Published: July, 2007


    * Corresponding author(s): krupinsj@mandan.ars.usda.gov
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doi:10.2134/agronj2006.0130s

Crop Sequence Effects on Leaf Spot Diseases of No-Till Spring Wheat

  1. Joseph M. Krupinsky *a,
  2. Donald L. Tanakaa,
  3. Steven D. Merrilla,
  4. Mark A. Liebiga,
  5. Michael T. Laresb and
  6. Jonathan D. Hansona
  1. a USDA-ARS, Northern Great Plains Research Lab., Box 0459, Mandan, ND 58554-0459
    b Univ. of Mary, 7500 University Dr., Bismarck, ND 58504

Abstract

Crop sequence is an important management practice that may lower the risk for leaf spot diseases of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Field research was conducted near Mandan, ND, to determine the impact of crop sequences on leaf spot diseases of hard red spring wheat early in the growing season. Spring wheat was evaluated for disease severity following crop sequence combinations of 10 crops [buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), canola (Brassica napus L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), corn (Zea mays L.), dry pea (Pisum sativum L.), grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.), oil seed sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.), proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), and hard red spring wheat). Spring wheat leaves with distinct lesions were collected for determination of lesion number and percentage necrosis data, which were used to estimate leaf spot disease severity. Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (Died.) Drechs., the cause of tan spot, and Phaeosphaeria nodorum (E. Müller) Hedjaroude, the cause of Stagonospora nodorum blotch, were the major leaf spot diseases and consistently present throughout the growing season. The frequency of isolation following alternative crops was generally lower compared with spring wheat following wheat. Leaf spot diseases on spring wheat were impacted by crop sequencing. Spring wheat following crop sequences with alternative crops for 1 or 2 yr had lower levels of disease severity compared with a continuous spring wheat treatment early in the growing season. Disease severity was apparently not related to the percentage of crop residue coverage on the soil surface associated with various crop sequence combinations. New alternative crops preceding spring wheat reduce levels of leaf spot diseases.

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