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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 94 No. 2, p. 231-240
     
    Received: Dec 1, 2000
    Published: Mar, 2002


    * Corresponding author(s): ajohnston@ppi-ppic.org
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doi:10.2134/agronj2002.2310

Oilseed Crops for Semiarid Cropping Systems in the Northern Great Plains

  1. Adrian M. Johnston *a,
  2. Donald L. Tanakab,
  3. Perry R. Millerc,
  4. Stewart A. Brandtd,
  5. David C. Nielsene,
  6. Guy P. Lafondf and
  7. Neil R. Rivelandg
  1. a Potash and Phosphate Inst. of Canada, 12-425 Pinehouse Dr., Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7K 5K2
    b USDA-ARS, Northern Great Plains Res. Lab., Box 459, Mandan, ND 58554
    c Montana State Univ., Dep. of Land Resour. and Environ. Sci., P.O. Box 173120, Bozeman, MT 59717-3120
    d Agric. and Agri-Food Can., Box 10, Scott, SK, Canada S0K 4A0
    e USDA-ARS, Cent. Great Plains Res. Stn., 40335 Country Rd. GG, Akron, CO 80720
    f Agric. and Agri-Food Can., Box 760, Indian Head, SK, Canada S0G 2K0
    g North Dakota State Univ., Williston Res. Ext. Cent., 14120 Hwy. 2, Williston, ND 58101-8629

Abstract

Oilseed crops are grown throughout the semiarid region of the northern Great Plains of North America for use as vegetable and industrial oils, spices, and birdfeed. In a region dominated by winter and spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L. emend. Thell.), the acceptance and production of another crop requires that it both has an agronomic benefit to the cropping system and improve the farmers' economic position. In this review, we compare the adaptation and rotational effects of oilseed crops in the northern Great Plains. Canola (Brassica sp.), mustard (B. juncea and Sinapis alba L.), and flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) are well adapted to cool, short-season conditions found on the Canadian prairies and northern Great Plains border states of the USA. Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) are better adapted to the longer growing season and warmer temperatures found in the northern and central Great Plains states. Examples are presented of how agronomic practices have been used to manipulate a crop's fit into a local environment, as demonstrated with the early spring and dormant seeding management of canola, and of the role of no-till seeding systems in allowing the establishment of small-seeded oilseed crops in semiarid regions. Continued evaluation of oilseed crops in rotation with cereals will further expand our understanding of how they can be used to strengthen the biological, economic, and environmental role of the region's cropping systems. Specific research needs for each oilseed crop have been recommended.

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Copyright © 2002. American Society of AgronomyPublished in Agron. J.94:231–240.