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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 90 No. 4, p. 505-510
     
    Received: Sept 20, 1997
    Published: July, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): wlpan@wsu.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj1998.00021962009000040011x

Integrated Root System Age in Relation to Plant Nutrient Uptake Activity

  1. Shiyu Gao,
  2. William L. Pan  and
  3. Richard T. Koenig
  1. S oil Search Labs, 42125 S. Morton Rd., Kennewick, WA 99337
    D ep. of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA 99164-6420
    D ep. of Plants, Soils and Biometeorology, Utah State Univ., Logan, UT 84322

Abstract

Abstract

The age of a root segment is inversely related to its nutrient uptake activity (uptake rate per unit root length). It is uncertain how this information should be incorporated into nutrient uptake models, due to our inability to characterize the age of a whole root system. A method of calculating an integrated root system age (IRSA) was defined, and two solution experiments were conducted to relate the N uptake activity of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to root age. Literature data also were analyzed to characterize the relationship between IRSA and nutrient uptake activity of whole plant root systems. Integrated root system age was defined as the summation of the mean ages of root segments produced during each growth period weighted by the ratio of the root length generated during each growth period to total root length. The NH4 and NO3 uptake activity of spring wheat decreased with plant age as IRSA increased, while plants with similar IRSA at 14 and 21 d had similar N uptake activity. These relationships between IRSA and the uptake activity of N, P, K, Ca, and Mg of corn (Zea mays L.) were also revealed from an analysis of published data. In young root systems, nutrient uptake activity declined rapidly as IRSA increased, while older root systems (IRSA >10 to 15 d) maintained a relatively low and gradually declining nutrient uptake activity with increasing IRSA. The IRSA is a useful parameter for characterizing nutrient uptake activity of an entire root system, providing a potential tool for modeling nutrient uptake.

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