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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 87 No. 6, p. 1033-1040
     
    Received: Jan 26, 1995
    Published: Nov, 1995


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doi:10.2134/agronj1995.00021962008700060001x

Why Scientists Should Talk to Economists

  1. John M. Antle  and
  2. Robert J. Wagenet
  1. D ep. of Agric. Economics and Economics, Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT 59717-0292, and Resources for the Future, Washington, DC
    D ep. of Soil, Crop, and Atmospheric Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853

Abstract

Abstract

This essay explains how economics plays a key role in enhancing the value of publicly funded agricultural research. Economics provides research institutions with the tools they need to be accountable to society and better able to set research priorities and design research programs that are consistent with public policy objectives while meeting the standards of good science. We first describe a multidisciplinary approach to setting research priorities and assessing research impacts. A systematic framework is required, so that economic data and data from other scientific disciplines can be collected and integrated using common units of measurement. Second, we address research designs needed to meet the standards of good science while also satisfying the standards of accountability and policy relevance. As scientists become involved in the priority setting process, they become aware of the ways that their research can contribute to the mission of publicly funded research. Finally, we address the problems that arise in valuing the economic, environmental, and human health impacts of agricultural production systems for priority setting and impact assessment. As with the priority setting and design stages of research, multidisciplinary collaboration is also a critical element of the valuation stage of impact assessment.

Paper commissioned by the American Agricultural Economics Association and the Economic Research Service, USDA, to communicate to the agricultural science community the role of economics in support of agricultural research.

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