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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 86 No. 6, p. 1039-1045
     
    Received: July 23, 1993
    Published: Nov, 1994


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doi:10.2134/agronj1994.00021962008600060020x

Development and Growth of White Lupin: Implications for Crop Management

  1. Claude Duthion ,
  2. Bertrand Ney and
  3. Nicolas M. Munier-Jolain
  1. Station d'Agronomie, Inst. Natl. de la Recherche Agronomique, Agronomique, 17 rue Sully, 21034 Dijon Cedex, France

Abstract

Abstract

Grain yield of spring white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) varies greatly with sowing date and density. These effects seem to be related to variability of the canopy architecture. To explain and predict such effects, plant growth and development were characterized at different sowing dates and densities and were related to the distribution of seed number between the main stem and branches. ‘Lublanc’ white lupin was sown in field environments for 9 yr, in the greenhouse for 2 yr, and in a growth cabinet for 1 yr at different densities and at different dates within seasons. Current management techniques were applied. Measurements included successive numbers of main-stem leaf primordia, successive numbers of main-stem leaves, date of flower initiation on the main stem, date of flowering on the main stem (SF), absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) by linear sensors (1 yr) or by leaf area index measurement (2 yr), and weekly accumulated dry matter (DM). Flowering date varied between 366 and 621 degree-days (base 3°C) from emergence and was closely related to the final number of main-stem leaves. Leaf number was linked to cumulative vernalizing degree-days received by the apex. Thus, SF was dependent on temperatures during early growth. Absorption efficiency of PAR (εa) varied with plant density, but at high plant densities, regardless of the year, a single curve represented εa change over time. This limit curve gives the maximum possible εa at a given date. Until seed filling began, the coefficient of absorbed PAR conversion was 1.90 g DM MJ−1. Our results contribute to improved management of lupin crops by suggesting cultural practices to minimize climatic hazards from drought and high temperatures.

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