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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 84 No. 4, p. 639-642
     
    Received: Oct 26, 1990
    Published: July, 1992


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doi:10.2134/agronj1992.00021962008400040021x

Corn Phosphorus and Potassium Uptake in Response to Soil Compaction

  1. M. S. Dolan ,
  2. R. H. Dowdy,
  3. W. B. Voorhees,
  4. J. F. Johnson and
  5. A. M. Bidwell-Schrader
  1. USDA-ARS and the Univ. of Minnesota, Morris, MN 56267.

Abstract

Abstract

Soil compaction by heavy axle load farm machinery can inhibit optimum plant growth. Uptake of essential nutrients, like P and K, is influenced by soil compaction. This study describes plant P and K accumulation from a compacted Webster (fine-loamy, mixed, mesic Typic Haplaquolls) soil. Whole plant samples of corn (Zea mays L.) were collected at the 75% vegetative-tassel (VT) stage from 0, 9, and 18 Mg axle load subsoil compaction treatments, each with secondary interrow surface soil compaction of 0- or 4.5-Mg axle loads. Subsoil compaction reduced P and K uptake as much as 22% during seasons when June and July rainfall was less than average. Subsoil compaction of 18 Mg did not consistently reduce P and K uptake more than did 9 Mg subsoil compaction. Surface soil compaction also reduced P uptake, but to a lesser extent than did subsoil compaction. Overall P and K uptake, across all treatments, was enhanced when June and July precipitation was average or wetter than the 30-yr average.

Scientific Journal Series 18 456.

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