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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 76 No. 3, p. 363-366
     
    Received: Apr 13, 1983
    Published: May, 1984


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doi:10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007600030003x

Forage Production and Weed Control in a Double-Cropping Program1

  1. Paul S. O. Okoli,
  2. P. N. Drolsom and
  3. J. M. Scholl2

Abstract

Abstract

To make more intensive use of increasingly-scarce and expensive farmland, farmers in the North-Central region of the United States are developing considerable interest in double-cropping systems involving feed production. Therefore, forage production and quality were evaluated in double-cropping systems involving corn (Zea mays L.), soybeans [Glycine mar (L.) Merr.], and grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] no-till planted following conventionally-planted spring oats (Avena sativa L.) for forage. The 2-year field studies were undertaken on two soil types, Plano silt loam [fine-silty, mixed, mesic Typic Argiudoll (Exp. I)] and Fayette silt loam [fine-silty, mixed, mesic Typic Hapludalf (Exp. II)] at two separate locations in Wisconsin. The effects of irrigation and weed control practices (chemical and cultural) on the second crops were investigated. The 2-year average forage yields of corn, soybeans, and grain sorghum were 5820, 2660, and 3890 kg ha−1, respectively.

Cultivation generally resulted in better weed control than herbicides. Irrigation increased forage yields of corn, soybeans, and grain sorghum by 31, 38, and 32%, respectively. Soybeans produced the highest crude protein (CP) ha−1 but the lowest quantity of digestible dry matter (DM), estimated by the in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) technique. Corn produced the highest amount of digestible DM ha−1 but had the lowest CP percentage. Grain sorghum had thelowest IVDMD and produced the lowest CP ha−1. Based on 2-year averages, the oats-com double-cropping system produced the most forage, CP and digestible DM. Double-cropping yields show considerable promise, when compared with present yields under a one crop system.

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