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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 74 No. 4, p. 663-667
     
    Received: Oct 8, 1981
    Published: July, 1982


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doi:10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400040017x

Yields of Warm- and Cool-Season Forages on Adjacent Soils1

  1. Henry A. Fribourg,
  2. Rick J. Carlisle and
  3. V. H. Reich2

Abstract

Abstract

Knowledge of average yields that can be expected over a period of years for a soil mapping unit helps in the use of soil survey information. Even the most recent soil surveys must rely on estimates from experiments and experience. For yields of principal crops these estimates are adjusted for the effects of soil-water relationships and often must be extrapolated to similar soils for which no data are available. The objective of this study was to determine the yield on adjacent soils varying primarily in their moisture-supplying capacity and natural drainage, of adapted perennial and annual warm and cool-season forages and small grains grown under the same general climatic influence and management.

The yields of 12 forage crops that grow mostly from spring to autumn were measured for 5 years on five adjacent soils with similar aspect. Later, eight winter small grain cultivars were grown for hay and grain for 3 and 4 years, respectively, on the same sites. The soils used belong to the Eutrochrepts, Hapludults, Paleudults, Fragiudults, and Ochraquults great groups.

The soils were characterized in terms of their yield for each crop, ranging from 1,035 to 5,735 kg/ha for the warm-season crops and from 2,225 to 6,760 kg/ha dry matter for the cool-season forages. Since the many forage crops adapted to the landscape studied have different periods of growth and can satisfy different animal nutritional needs in different forage systems, no attempt was made to compare species within each soil studied. However, the data presented will help in soil selection for crops needed within specific forage systems on the landscape.

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