Manganese Deficiency and Toxicity Sensitivities of Soybean Cultivars
- K. Ohki,
- D. O. Wilson and
- O. E. Anderson1
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars vary in plant growth response to Mn deficiency and toxicity. Cultivar selection for field studies to evaluate responses to Mn deficiency and toxicity is important. The objective of this study was to determine the differential sensitivity of cultivars to Mn deficiency and toxicity prior to regional field studies on the diagnosis and correction of Mn problems in the production of soybeans.
For evaluating relative ranking of cultivars sensitive to Mn deficiency, seven soybean cultivars were grown in solution culture at severe (5 µg Mn/liter) and mild (50 µg Mn/liter) deficiency levels and compared with controls, (1,000 µg Mn/liter). For toxicity evaluations, seven cultivars were grown at severe (20 mg Mn/liter) and mild (10 mg Mn/liter) toxicity levels with controls at 0.5 mg Mn/liter.
Cultivar sensitivity to Mn deficiency was partially dependent on the level of deficiency stress. ‘Davis’, ‘Lee 74’, ‘Bragg’, and ‘Pickett 71’ were the most sensitive under severe deficiency and Lee 74, Bragg and ‘Hutton’ were the most sensitive under mild deficiency. Davis, Lee 74, Pickett 71, Bragg, and ‘Ransom’ were the most sensitive to severe Mn toxicity at the severe Mn toxicity level. At mild toxicity, shoot weights as percent of control were similar for all cultivars. Visual symptom ratings and leaf blade Mn concentrations were significantly correlated with shoot dry weight as percent of control for Mn deficiency and toxicity stresses. The increased sensitivity to Mn toxicity by Lee 74 compared to that previously reported for the ‘Lee’ cultivar may be a result of genetic changes which occurred during the development of Lee 74.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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