Nitrogen Flux into Corn Roots as Influenced by Shoot Requirement1
- J. H. Edwards and
- S. A. Barber2
Knowledge of the N flux characteristics of corn (Zea mays L.) roots is important in determining the N fertilizer practices needed for efficient N fertilizer use. Fertilizing a portion of the root system with N increases the N uptake required per unit of root fertilized over that in which all roots are fertilized with N. The effect that fertilizing a portion of the roots with N has on the N influx characteristics of corn roots has not been evaluated. Hence the objective of this research was to determine if shoot N requirement influenced N influx/m of corn root. Trimmed- and split-root procedures were used in solution culture experiments in the growth chamber to vary the amount of N-absorbing roots/unit of shoot and determine its effect on N influx. Both NH+4 and NO−3 forms of N were used.
Trimming corn roots 2 days before measuring influx resulted in only small increases in N influx/m of root so that N uptake/plant was greatly reduced by trimming. Splitting the roots between N-containing and N-free solutions from seedling stage until 16 or 18 days, when influx was measured, resulted in larger increases in net N influx than when the roots were trimmed 2 days before influx measurement. Nitrogen level within the root was not related to N uptake rate/m of root in either experiment.
It appears that increasing shoot demand for N does not immediately affect N influx into the root but that the capability for higher N influx is developed when plants are grown under N stress.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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