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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 104 No. 3, p. 749-755
     
    Received: Sept 22, 2011
    Published: May, 2012


    * Corresponding author(s): deann@ksu.edu
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doi:10.2134/agronj2011.0311

Long-Term Nitrogen and Tillage Effects on Soil Physical Properties under Continuous Grain Sorghum

  1. DeAnn R. Presley *a,
  2. Aaron J. Sindelarb,
  3. Meghan E. Buckleyc and
  4. David B. Mengela
  1. a Dep. of Agronomy, Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS 66501
    b Dep. of Soil, Water, and Climate, Univ. of Minnesota, S401 Soils Building, St. Paul, MN, 55108
    c Soil and Waste Resources, 800 Reserve St., University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Stevens Point, WI 54481

Abstract

Grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is an important grain crop grown in both highly productive and marginal areas in the central Great Plains because of the crop's ability to use the erratic precipitation observed in this region. More effective capture and storage of this limited rainfall is needed to improve the productivity and profitability of dryland agriculture. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of long-term tillage and N fertilization on soil physical and hydraulic properties after long-term continuous grain sorghum production. Variables included conventional tillage (CT) and no-till (NT) and four rates of N fertilizer. Selected soil quality indicators included soil organic carbon (SOC), bulk density (BD), wet aggregate stability (WAS), and ponded infiltration. No-till accumulated more SOC in the surface 0 to 5 cm, and was less dense at all depths than CT. When tillage was compared across all N rates, NT contained 30% greater SOC than CT at the 0 to 5 cm. Mean weight diameter (MWD) was larger with increasing N fertilization and eliminating tillage. Ponded infiltration rates were greatest for the high N fertilization rate under NT, and lowest for the 0 kg N ha−1 rate under CT. In this long-term grain sorghum system, increasing N fertilization rate and NT both positively affected soil physical properties. These improvements in hydraulic properties will aid in more effectively capturing unpredictable precipitation, and further underscore the utility of NT management practices for the central Great Plains region.

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Copyright © 2012. Copyright © 2012 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc.