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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 103 No. 6, p. 1849-1861
    OPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Feb 7, 2011
    Published: Nov, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): maria.sena@ufv.br
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doi:10.2134/agronj2011.0049

Resistance of Tomato Subsamples to Bemisia tabaci Biotype B (Genn.) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

  1. Maria Elisa de Sena Fernandes *a,
  2. Derly José Henriques da Silvaa,
  3. Marcelo Coutinho Picançob,
  4. Flávio Lemes Fernandesc,
  5. Gulab Newandran Jhamd and
  6. Pedro Crescêncio Souza Carneiroe
  1. a UFV, Dep. de Fitotecnia, Genética e Melhoramento de Plantas, Cep 36570-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil
    b UFV, Dep. de Biologia Animal, Campus Universitário, Cep 36570-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil
    c Instituto de Ciências Agrárias, Campus de Rio Paranaíba, UFV, 38810-000 Rio Paranaíba, MG, Brazil
    d Dep. de Química, UFV, 36570-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil
    e Dep. de Biologia Geral, UFV, 36570-000 Viçosa, MG, Brazil

Abstract

Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) causes damage to tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and is controlled by insecticides harmful to man and the environment. Development of resistant cultivars is ideal for whitefly management, with alternate genetic sources being indispensable. Germplasm banks are potentially good sources of resistant cultivars. Agronomic characteristics of the tomato subsamples from the Horticultural Germplasm Bank (HGB) at Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV) have been typified but little is known about their insect resistance. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the resistance of 103 HGB-UFV tomato subsamples to B. tabaci as well evaluate the resistance mechanism. The characteristics of the subsamples evaluated were the number of nymphs and eggs per plant and the resistance index compared with the susceptible cultivar Santa Clara, arbitrarily chosen as the susceptible standard. The trichome number per 0.04 cm2 of the leaf blades and 15 leaf hydrocarbon concentrations were also determined. Resistant subsamples were submitted to antibiosis test and the mortality (%) and life cycle of the B. tabaci were evaluated. The difference in the number of eggs per plant, nymphs per plant, and nymph/egg ratio in the tomato subsamples was evaluated. A positive correlation was observed between the hydrocarbons undecane and tridecane with B. tabaci nymphs. Significant and positive differences in the trichome per 0.04-cm2 density were found between the trichome density and the number of eggs per plant. The subsamples HGB-225, -327, -630, -813, -985, -2029, -2030, -2055, -2057, -2060, -2062, and -2068 were resistant to B. tabaci biotype B through antixenosis and antibiosis resistance mechanisms.

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Copyright © 2011. Copyright © 2011 by the American Society of Agronomy, Inc.