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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 103 No. 6, p. 1843-1848
     
    Received: Apr 12, 2011
    Published: Nov, 2011


    * Corresponding author(s): rfvieira@epamig.br
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doi:10.2134/agronj2011.0115

Common Bean Seed Complements Molybdenum Uptake by Plants from Soil

  1. R. F. Vieira *a,
  2. T. J. Paulaa,
  3. A. A. Piresb,
  4. J. E. S. Carneiroc and
  5. G. S. da Rochac
  1. a Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais, Vila Gianetti, 47, Viçosa, MG 36570-000, Brazil
    b Departamento de Desenvolvimento Educacional, Instituto Federal de Educação Ciência e Tecnologia do Espírito Santo, Colatina, ES 29709-910, Brazil
    c Departamento de Fitotecnia, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG 36570-000, Brazil

Abstract

Molybdenum (Mo) reserve in large seeds can complement Mo uptake by plants from soil, but the content of Mo in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed for this purpose is unknown. We hypothesized that 3.639 ± 0.751 μg Mo seed−1 would be sufficient to complement Mo uptake by irrigated common bean plants from a Mo-poor soil. Three field experiments were performed in a clayey Ultisol naturally infested by native strains of Rhizobium in Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Treatments were arranged as 4 × 2 factorial combination of Mo contents in seeds [small (0.007 ± 0.007 or 0.248 ± 0.057 μg Mo seed−1) or large (3.639 ± 0.751 or 6.961 ± 1.844 μg Mo seed−1)] and Mo spraying treatments (90 g ha−1 or unsprayed) with six replications. Phosphorus, N (25 kg ha−1), and K were applied together in the furrow during planting time. No topdressing N was applied. Final plant population and seed yield were evaluated in two experiments. Molybdenum contents in the seeds did not affect plant population. On average, unsprayed plants from seeds with small Mo contents yielded 1785 kg ha−1, while those from seeds with large Mo content yielded 2109 kg ha−1. Foliar application of Mo increased plant N status, plant growth, and yield in plants originated from seeds with small Mo content, but not in plants grown from seeds with large Mo content. We conclude that 3.639 ± 0.751 μg Mo seed−1 sufficiently complement the Mo uptake by common bean plants from soil.

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