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This article in AJ

  1. Vol. 100 No. 3, p. 628-634
     
    Received: Aug 4, 2007
    Published: May, 2008


    * Corresponding author(s): mberti@udec.cl
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doi:10.2134/agronj2007.0266

Cuphea Nitrogen Uptake and Seed Yield Response to Nitrogen Fertilization

  1. Marisol T. Berti *a,
  2. Burton L. Johnsonb,
  3. Russ W. Geschc and
  4. Frank Forcellac
  1. a Facultad de Agronomía, Univ. de Concepción, Chillán, Chile
    b Dep. of Plant Sci., North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND 58105-5051
    c USDA-ARS, North Central Soil Conserv. Res. Lab., 803 Iowa Ave. Morris, MN 56267

Abstract

Cuphea (Cuphea viscosissima Jacq. × C. lanceolata W.T. Aiton, PSR23) is an oilseed crop that is a rich source of medium-chain fatty acids. Progress has been made on improving cuphea agronomically, but little is known about N fertility requirements for optimum cuphea production. The objective of this study was to determine the N necessary for maximizing seed yield and oil content. Experiment 1 was conducted at Casselton, ND, in 2005 and at Glyndon, MN, in 2005 and 2006 in which fertility treatments (soil + fertilizer N) were 44, 60, 80, 100, 150, and 200 kg N ha−1 Experiment 2 was conducted at Morris, MN, in 2005 and 2006, in which fertility treatments (soil + fertilizer N) were 51, 93, 140, and 185 kg N ha−1 As N fertility increased, plant tissue NO3–N increased, but as developmental stage advanced, plant NO3–N was diluted and decreased. According to the regression model, maximum total N uptake at harvest occurred at 139 kg N ha−1, which includes N from the fertilizer and from the soil. This could classify cuphea as a medium-N-requirement crop. Seed yield was enhanced with N fertility only at Morris, where maximum seed yield occurred at 185 kg N ha−1 However, seed yield increase obtained with added N fertilizer (134 kg N ha−1) was only 71 kg ha−1 Nitrogen fertilizer cost would be greater than the profit obtained with the incremental seed yield; thus N fertilizer application was not economical in this study.

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Copyright © 2008. American Society of AgronomyCopyright © 2008 by the American Society of Agronomy